Blood pressure in United States
What is blood pressure
Blood pressure is the major vital signs for human health.
Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays high for a long time. High blood pressure can lead to heart disease and stroke—leading causes of death in the United States.
- NORMAL: systolic: less than 120 mmHg diastolic: less than 80 mmHg
- PREHYPERTENSION: systolic: 120–139 mmHg diastolic: 80–89 mmHg
- HIGH : systolic: 140 mmHg or higher diastolic: 90 mmHg or higher
The statistics of blood pressure
- About 70 million American Adults (29%) have high blood pressure — that is 1/3 adults of America.
- Merely about half (52 %) of people with high blood pressure have their condition under control.
- 1/ 3 of American adults is under prehypertension
- high blood pressure treatment cost $46 billion each year
Why High Blood Pressure Mater
High blood pressure usually has no symptom or any warning sign. That’s why so manny people choose to ignore it.
More than 360,000 American deaths in 2013 included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause. That is almost 1,000 deaths each day.
High blood pressure increases your risk for dangerous health conditions:
- First heart attack: About 7 of every 10 people having their first heart attack have high blood pressure.2
- First stroke: About 8 of every 10 people having their first stroke have high blood pressure.2
- Chronic (long lasting) heart failure: About 7 of every 10 people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure.2
- Kidney disease is also a major risk factor for high blood pressure
Several diseases are related to the high blood pressure
- High Blood Pressure
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- Heart Disease
- Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack
- Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
- High Cholesterol
How to Prevent from High Blood Pressure
You can take several steps to maintain normal blood pressure levels.
(1) Quit smoking
(2) Limit alcohol usage
(3) Control a healthy weight
(4) Prevent or manage diabetes.
(5) Eat health diet
(6) Be physically active.
(7) Measure your blood pressure regularly.
- Nwankwo T, Yoon SS, Burt V, Gu Q. Hypertension among adults in the US: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012. NCHS Data Brief, No. 133. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services, 2013.
- Mozzafarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2015 Update: a report from the American Heart Association.Circulation. 2015;e29-322.
- Heidenreich PA, Trogdon JG, Khavjou OA, et al. Forecasting the future of cardiovascular disease in the United States: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011;123:933–44.
- Palar K, Sturm R. Potential societal savings from reduced sodium consumption in the U.S. adult population. Am J Health Promot. 2009;24:49–57.
- Guide to Community Preventive Services. Cardiovascular disease prevention and control: team-based care to improve blood pressure control.